Jumat, 31 Desember 2010
Selasa, 28 Desember 2010
adalah software untuk editing foto yang sudah sangat populer di dunia saat ini. saat ini photoshop banyak di gunakan oleh Fotografer profesional, Fotografer amatir yang ingin menekuni bidang Foto, Design Graphic dan Web Designer. Jadi tidak heran jika software ini sangat mendunia. Software ini sangat bagus untuk sditing foto karena memiliki banyak-banyak fitur edit. Adobe Photoshop CS 4 memliki banyak fitur-fitur baru di bandingkan versi sebelumnya. Fitur-fitur tersebut adalah :
- Adanya Panel baru untuk konfigurasi ( adjustment panel )
- Panel buat Masking dimana memudahkan si pengguna untuk meningkatkan kinerja edit.
- Adanya “Enhanced color-correction technology” akan membuat kita semakin dimanjakan dengan kemudahan dalam proses seleksi.
- Lebih pandai dalam pengolahan file raw ( File gambar ukuran besar )
- Integrasi dengan Adobe Photoshop Lightroom.
- System edit “workflow” yang akan memudahkan dalam proses editing.
- Untuk printing ukuran besar ( Print very large image ) dapat di lihat dalam mode preview sebelumproses print.
Sangat menarik bukan? Tapi untuk photoshop CS 4 versi biasa anda membutuhkan performa PC yang sangat bertenaga dan memakan harddisk yang besar. Namun sekarang anda tidak perlu khawatir lagi karena telah ada Adobe Photoshop CS 4 Portable yang ukuran filenya sangat kecil dan mudah untuk di gunakan. sangat cocok untuk di simpan di flash disk, dan juga bagi anda yang tidak memiliki komputer, karena anda bisa simpan di flash disk dan di gunakan di komputer orang lain untuk edit foto anda.
Berikut ini ada program Adobe Phoshop Portable beberapa versi yang tidak memerlukan instalasi, bisa di simpan di flashdisk dan dibawa kemana-mana.
Adobe Photoshop Portable Ver.7
[+] Mirror 1 (iix) : Download
Adobe Photoshop CS5
Kemarin sempet nyari-nyari software photoshop 5 portable, dan akhirnya ketemu. Kebetulan saya harus menyelesaikan desain dan butuh photoshop. Sebagaimana kita ketahui photoshop merupakan software yang sering digunakan untuk desain grafis. Fitur-fitur yang dimilikinya cukup bagus dan mudah digunakan.
Photoshop portable bisa digunakan tanpa perlu instalasi, tinggal di jalankan saja file aplikasinya. Untuk file yang akan di download nanti berukuran sekitar 60 MB-an dan setelah di download dan kemudian di extract maka ukurannya sekitar 300MB –an.
In this tutorial we use the pucker and roughen effects and some gradients to make a simple pine tree. Throw in some ornaments and you have a Christmas tree.
First start off by selecting the polygon tool. Left click on your canvas to create a polygon with a 20 px radius and 3 sides.
Set the fill color to a light green (I used R=57 G=181 B=74) and set the stroke to none. Next, select your triangle and hold down alt and left click and drag down to create a copy of your triangle. Holding down shift after you start alt-dragging will keep the new shape aligned with the previous one.
Double-click the scale tool and set it to uniform and 120% as shown.
Next open the gradient window and set the type to linear. Set the second color to a dark green (R=0 G=64 B=34) Adjust the angle to 90 degrees and set the gradient slider as shown.
Now we are going to copy this new triangle and alt-drag it down a bit to create a third triangle. Double click the scale tool again and scale the third triangle just as you scaled the second (uniform/120%). Repeat this one more time and you will have four progressively larger triangles as shown:
Click second triangle and select Object/Arrange/Send to back. Repeat this for the third and fourth triangles. Position your triangles until they are fairly evenly spaced as shown:
Now you have a modest, beginner-level tree, but we are going to kick it up a notch. With your selection tool select all 4 triangles. Next select Effects/Distort & Transform/Pucker & Bloat. Set it to -12 so the triangles are puckered a bit. Now we have a slightly swanky, albeit modest tree!
Next, with all four triangles selected, go to Effects/Distort & Transform/Roughen and set the size to 4 and the detail to 50.
Now our modest, beginner-level, slightly swanky tree has been kicked up a notch. You may need to adjust the gradient on the second though fourth triangles. The effect we are going for here is to create a bit of shadow below the each layer of branches:
The shadow gives it depth or “pop” as Mark Kistler would say.
Finally, our tree needs a stump. Select the rectangle tool and draw a stump. You don’t need any dimensions from me… just eye-ball it. Color it brown or open your swatch library and see if you have any gradients/wood. I used Black Walnut. Drag your trunk into place and use Object/Arrange/Send to back to make it look right.
If you want a Christmas tree, just add some ornaments:
In Greek mythology, Leda (Λήδα) was daughter of the Aetolian king Thestius, and wife of the king Tyndareus of Sparta.
Leda was admired by Zeus, who seduced her in the guise of a swan. As a swan, Zeus fell into her arms for protection from a pursuing eagle. Their consummation, on the same night as Leda lay with her husband Tyndareus, resulted in two eggs from which hatched Helen — later known as the beautiful "Helen of Troy" — Clytemnestra, and Castor and Pollux. Which children are the progeny of Tyndareus, the mortal king, and which are of Zeus, and are thus half-immortal, is not consistent among accounts, nor is which child hatched from which egg. The split is almost always half mortal, half divine, although the pairings do not always reflect the children's heritage pairings. Castor and Polydeuces are sometimes both mortal, sometimes both divine. One consistent point is that if only one of them is immortal, it is Polydeuces.
In Homer's Iliad, Helen looks down from the walls of Troy and wonders why she does not see her brothers among the Achaeans. The narrator remarks that they are both already dead and buried back in their homeland of Lacedaemon, thus suggesting that at least in some early traditions, both were mortal.
Another account of the myth states that Nemesis (Νέμεσις) was the mother of Helen, and was also impregnated by Zeus in the guise of a swan. A shepherd found the egg and gave it to Leda, who carefully kept it in a chest until the egg hatched. When the egg hatched, Leda adopted Helen as her daughter. Zeus also commemorated the birth of Helen by creating the constellation Cygnus (Κύκνος), the Swan, in the sky.
Leda and the swan and Leda and the egg were popular subjects in the ancient art. In the postclassical arts, it became a potent source of inspiration
Type: Steel / Rock
Species: Iron Armor Pokémon
Height: 0.4 m (1′04″)
Weight: 60.0 kg (132.3 lbs.)
Interesting Facts: To make its body, Aron feeds on iron ore that it digs from mountains. Occasionally, hunger may drive it to descend from the mountains to eat bridges and rails, which may produce some same major trouble and cause it to be viewed as a pest. It evolves into Lairon starting at level 32, who evolves into Aggron starting at level 42.
THE PAPER MODEL
Height: 12.0 cm/4.7 in
Width: 8.7 cm/ 3.4 in
Depth: 14.3 cm/5.6 in
NOTES: Build the head and body, and the block for the back separately. Close the Head/body with the flat gray piece on the second page, and close the block with the large white piece that corresponds to the same gray piece (on the last page). Glue on the feet before closing the main body, and be sure they are level.
Download: A4 / Letter
305 / LAIRON - Pokémon Papercraft
Species: Iron Armor Pokémon
Height: 0.9 m (2′11″)
Weight: 120.0 kg (264.6 lbs.)
Interesting Facts: Lairon feeds on iron contained in rocks and water, and drinks mineral spring water until it is bloated, as it has been said doing so tempers its steel body. Lairon makes its nests near such mineral springs, on mountains where iron ore is buried. Do to its nesting preferences, this may cause it to clash with humans attempting to mine the ore.
THE PAPER MODEL
Height: 13.7 cm/5.4 in
Width: 20.8 cm/ 8.2 in
Depth: 24.7 cm/9.7 in
NOTES: The head, jaw, body, and legs are all separate parts. Build the head first, then the jaw, and then the body. Connect these, then make the legs and attach them. Letters have been added to denote matching parts. Close the model at "I" and then press on the tail.
Download: A4 / Letter
Type: Steel / Rock
Species: Iron Armor Pokémon
Height: 2.1 m (6′11″)
Weight: 360.0 kg (793.7 lbs.)
Interesting Facts: Aggron are very fierce and aggressive Pokémon. They claim entire mountains as their territory, patrolling it at all times and mercilessly beating up intruders. The gouges in its armor are apparently worn with pride as mementos from battles. If their environment is damaged by a flood or a forest fire, they will restore the area by bringing in topsoil and planting trees. It evolves from Lairon starting at level 42. It is the final form of Aron.
THE PAPER MODEL
Height: 20.9 cm/ 8.2 in
Width: 20.0 cm/ 7.9 in
Depth: 32.7 cm/ 12.9 in
NOTES: Build from head down, closing at the tip of the tail. The only tricky part about this one is the head. Like Lairon, it's in multiple parts, but this time 3 instead of 2. Make the jaw first, attach the part with the eyes, and then attach the skull and horns. Then continue on to the neck, and attach the head once the neck is done. Also like Lairon, corresponding rings are lettered. Corresponding pieces are numbered; each piece is to be attached once the piece it attaches to is complete.
Download: A4 / Letter
As always, Jaka Tarub went to the forest to collect some woods. Suddenly he heard some noise from the waterfall. He was curious. The noise was from the girls taking a bath in the waterfall.
Slowly, Jaka Tarub walked to the area. When he arrived there, he saw seven beautiful girls taking a bath. He was really amazed by their beauty. After they were finished, the girls slowly took their shawls. Amazingly after they wore the shawls, they flew to the sky. They were not humans. They were fairies!
After that Jaka Tarub went home. He was very restless. He was still thinking about those seven beautiful girls.
On the next day, Jaka Tarub then decided to go back to the waterfall. When those fairies were taking a bath, he stole one of their shawls. And that made one fairy could not fly back to the sky. She cried. Jaka Tarub then approached her.
"What's wrong? Why are you crying?"
"I lost my shawl. I cannot go back home. All my sisters have left me. My name is Nawang Wulan. I will give you anything if you can find my shawl."
"I'll help you. But if we can't find it, you can stay at my house. You can be my wife," said Jaka Tarub.
Then Jaka Tarub pretended to look for the shawl. And of course they could not find it. After that they went to Jaka Tarub's home. Later they got married.
They had a baby girl. They had a happy life. They always had enough rice to eat. They did not have to work hard like their neighbors. It was because Nawang Wulan used her magic in cooking.
One day, Jaka Tarub asked her about the magic. Nawang Wulan did not tell him the secret and asked him not to open the cooking pan's lid. She said that if Jaka Tarub opened the lid, they had to work hard to get a lot of rice to cook.
One day, Jaka Tarub was really curious. He then opened the cooking pan's lid. He saw there was only a small portion of rice to cook. When she got home, Nawang Wulan knew that Jaka Tarub had opened the lid. She was angry because she already lost the magic in cooking. Now she had to take a big portion of rice to cook.
Slowly there was not enough rice in the silo. And when Nawang Wulan wanted to take the last portion of rice, she found her shawl. Jaka Tarub hid the shawl in the silo. Nawang Wulan was really happy.
She then said, "I will go home now. Take care of our daughter.
When there is full moon, take her out of the house and I'll come to get her." Nawang Wulan then flew to the sky. Jaka Tarub was really sad. And to keep the promise, Jaka Tarub always went out of the house with his daughter when there was full moon. But Nawang Wulan never came back. **
The story began when a lonely old couple met a stupid ugly giant. The couple had no child but they were dying to have one. The giant said he could help them but with a term. So these God’s creatures made an agreement. The giant gave them a magic cucumber seed to grow a child and when the child grew up, they had to give the child up.
The magic seed was planted in the yard. In weeks, a big cucumber came out of it. They took the cucumber to their house and sliced it. There was a baby girl in it. They were very surprise and happy. Finally, they had a child. The baby girl was named Timun Mas (Golden Cucumber). Timun Mas became a nice girl. She loved her stepparents and always obeyed them. She took care of them and never hurt them. Her stepparents loved her more and more.
In short years, Timun Mas became a young girl. The day to give her up to the giant was getting closer. The couple was worried. They could not fulfill their promise to the giant. They loved Timun Mas too much to give her up. Therefore, they were looking for a way to break the promise.
In the afternoon, the giant came to their house. He wanted to take Timun Mas as their agreement. The old couple saw the giant coming. They told Timun Mas to run away.
“Why I have to run away?” Timun Mas asked.
“Because the giant wants to eat you,” answered her stepparents. Timun Mas looked pale. She was afraid to be eaten by the giant. Her stepparents gave her cucumber seed, needles, salt and fermented shrimp paste. “Use these for your protection,” they said. Timun Mas went out from the kitchen door. Her stepparents went to front to meet the giant.
“Where is Timun Mas? I come here to take her,” the giant asked in his loud voice.
“She was not here,” the old couple answered with frightened tremble.
“Where is she?” he asked again.
“Are you trying to cut our agreement?” the giant asked angrily.
The old couple got more trembles. “We couldn’t give her. We loved her too much”.
The giant eyes were wider. He was very angry. He chased Timun Mas. Timun Mas saw the giant. She spread the cucumber seed. Suddenly, there were large cucumbers between them. Timun Mas run faster. The blocked cucumbers did not hold the giant. He could smash the cucumbers easily. Then he chased her again. When he was getting closer, Timun Mas spread the needles. Suddenly, there were bamboo trees growing from the land. The giant run the blockade. His body was wounded because of the trees were sharp. However, the giant would not give up. He was still chasing Timun Mas. Timun Mas run again. And when he almost got her, she spread the salt. Suddenly, the land became an ocean. The giant tried to swim. Although he almost drowned, he was still chasing Timun Mas. Then Timun Mas spread her last weapon –the fermented shrimp paste- and suddenly the ocean became a mud ocean. The mud sucked the giant until his head. Then he never showed up again.
Timun Mas then went home. Her stepparents were very happy to see their daughter home.
This story was not very good for children because it teaches you to break your promises, even with an ugly giant. But this story also tells you that parent’s love was very big and makes them to do anything to protect their child even though they were not your birth parents. So read this story just for fun. Ok ?
Senin, 20 Desember 2010
Kota ini merupakan salah satu kota yang dibangun sekitar tahun 1400-an pada masa kerajaan Inca yang telah lama berselang. Lokasinya berada di atas lembah Urubamba di puncak Gunung Andes, Peru. Berada sekitar 70 km barat laut Cusco, dengan ketinggian sekitar 2.350 m di atas permukaan laut.
Rainforests are one of the most complicated environments on Earth. They are recognized worldwide as containing the richest source of plants and animals and are believed to contain nearly three-quarters of all the varieties of life on Earth. This is remarkable because rainforests cover only about six percent of the Earth's land surface.
Rainforest are the oldest major ecosystem, having survived climate changes for more than one million years. They provide habitats for more species of plants, animals, insects and birds than any other environment found on our planet. Scientists estimate that between 60 and 90 percent of all species of life are to be found in rain forests. Unfortunately, the widespread destruction of many of the world's rainforests has caused a significant decline in the number of plant and animal species on Earth.
Rainforests influence both our local and global climates. For example, between 50 and 80 percent of the moisture in the air above rainforests comes from the rainforest's trees. If large areas of these lush rainforests are cleared, the average rainfall in the area will drop. Eventually, the area's climate will get hotter and drier. This process could convert rainforests into a sparse grassland or desert.
Rainforests are also able to absorb over 90 percent of the rainfall in their leaves and mosses. By doing this, they are able to slow down water run-off by gradually releasing the water over time into streams and rivers. This helps to control soil erosion and flooding.
Rainforests are vital to the Earth in helping to recycle carbon and oxygen. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the gas put into the air globally by humans, mainly by the burning of fossil fuels (for example in cars and factories). Rainforests are able to remove carbon dioxide from the air and return oxygen in its place. This is why our global rainforests are often called the Earth's ‘lungs'.
Rainforests are major producers of the Earth's oxygen. In fact, scientists believe that nearly 50 percent of the Earth's oxygen is produced by rainforest in the Amazon region alone.
Nearly 40 percent of the world's carbon is contained in the trees of the rainforests. As rainforests are cut down and burned, carbon dioxide is released into the Earth's atmosphere. Eventually, as this gas builds up the atmosphere, leading to what scientists call the enhanced greenhouse effect.
To sum up, the role of the rainforest is essential for human life. It creates equilibrium in our environment and its resources are significant for human beings survival.
Taken from SOSE: Studies of Society and Environment, 2000
Access to clean water is one of
Lack of investment in clean water is one reason PDAM gives for its limited outreach. Based on a government statement, to meet the MDGs target by 2015,
In order to close the funding gap, the government expects private investment in drinking water infrastructure.
The need for clean water funding is something that cannot be covered by private investment. In
There is no evidence to suggest private investors will improve the efficiency and effectiveness of water services, whereas the government has a duty to do so.
Increasing public funding for clean water infrastructure is the most rational approach for
There are resources and mechanisms the government could employ to increase clean water funding, such as state and local budgets, grants, government bonds and community-public partnership.
In order to use a grant system, the government should improve its proposal management and clearly focus on real needs in order to widen clean water services.
PDAM could use existing funds more efficiently. if it could reduce leakages from 40 per cent to 20 percent, it would have more disposable funds to invest in infrastructure. PDAM should use cost recovery principles, as long as costs are not passed on to consumers. Cost recovery principles should also be supported by a proper subsidy mechanism.
Bond investing is a traditional lending instrument for public services. The mechanism needs conditions, such as strong capital structure at local level.
A few of mechanisms in place now do help the poor access clean water at affordable prices. The most important thing is to make sure the mechanisms run properly and that the needs of people at the local level are met through appropriate funding.
Taken from The
Kamis, 16 Desember 2010